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Rambler's Top100



Third Southern Route.

"Dushanbe - Tamilot (Nurek)-Burban (Dangara)-Munk (Khovaling)-Khulbuk (Kurbonshaid)-Rustak (Saied)-Parhar-Kovbandge (Piandge) Khalovard (Kolkhozabad)-Levkand (Kurgan-tube)-Kobadian".
  This route crosses the ancient Bactria(Tokharistan) from South to West, in the direction to the capital Bactra to the north of Afghanistan.
It is necessary to cross two passes Chormagzak and Sharshar, in order to get from the Central Tajikistan to the south of the country.
The highest dam in the world Nurek Hydro-Electro station dam (310 m) is built, with the reservoir for almost 11 mln.m'3 of fresh water between these passes, on the river Vakhsh.

One of the most significant cities on this route the Khulbuk (modern Kurbonshaid), the capital of Khuttal state in 9-11 centuries is considered to be. For more than 30 years the excavations of the rich palace complex, which consisted of the height citadel and the dwelling houses that were situated on the lower level were held.  On the territory of that dwelling houses the luxurious rooms, small theatre and quaint, paved with the burnt blocks yard were placed. The interiors were decorated by the carved ganch and the frescoes of people and animals  entwined   in the structure of the ornament.Greatly impresses the thoroughly brooded over system of heating, as under ground tunnels for the air and very original from the constructive point of view royal bathhouse . Recently the entrance group portal fragment of this complex decorated with the elegant Arabic inscription was found. It should be mentioned that Khulbuk palace and the samanid's constructions (IX-X centuries) in Samarkand and Bukhara were just like khaliff palaces of Arabic world in the splendour of decorations and comfort. Khulbuk is not the only monument of town planning art. Among the Khuttal towns situated within the visual visibility limits the biggest is the Zoli-Zard (Parhar) settlement, it existed from the greek-bactrian period (III-century B.C.) up to the XI-XII centuries. During the excavations of the other khuttal settlement Saied more than 15 houses and rich mansions were found.Those mansions were decorated with the magnificent carved paneling and fretted bars made of ganch and beautiful inscriptions, which were entwined whimsically in the ornament. Speaking about the architectural monuments of mid-century Khuttal,it is necessary to mention the Amir Said Khamadoni mausoleum . It was built in XV century and then it was turned into the complicated complex, different elements of which were built in different times. Khamadoni was the preacher in Cashmir, where he was called "Amir Cabir" and he grew very famous because of it. Than he and his pupils moved to Khuttal, where he was buried subsequently.
To the southeast of Khuttal the modern settlement Kolkhozobad is situated. On its territory the large mid century town Khalovard, that used to be the capital of Vakhsh (V-VIII centuries) was studied .The citadel of the town , the palace and buddhist temple, surrounded by the fortress wall were separated from the other part of the town.
Buddhism, which originated in India and Afghanistan during the first centuries of our era existed there with the Zorastrism and Manikheism. The brilliant monument of the Buddhist architecture and art is the temple complex of Adgina-Tepa (VII-VIII centuries) near the modern Kurgan-Tube.
The composition of the complex consisting of two yards was built-up with the rooms with cupolas and vaults. In the yard of the temple part the multi-leveled stairs.  In one of the corridors the archeologists found the 14-meter statue of Buddha in Nirvana. The walls of the complex were covered bythe inscriptions and bas-reliefs, and Statues of Buddha were placed in the deep niches.
From Kurgan-Tube (ancient Levkand) the road went to the south in the Kobadian, the motherland of the famous Tajik poet,

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