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 The second Karateghin route.

"Termez-Dinau-Tursun-zade(Regar)-Hissar-Dushanbe-Kofarnighon(Andigon) -Faizabad(Vashgird)-Garm(Gurkand)-Jirgital-Daraut-Kurgan-the Kizilsu river valley-Kashgar(China)".
  "Karateghin" or how it is sometimes called "the Ptolemey's route" is the shortest way from the south part of Central Asia and Khorasan to China.On these territories the so-called Hissar culture existed in the 5-3 milleniums B.C.The ancient hissars constructed light and framed dwellings on the thoroughly paved grounds.From the 1 millenium B.C. these regions became the part of Central Asian state - Bactria ,that used to be called in ancient times "the state with the high risen banners" or "the country of thousand cities".From the ancient times they used to mine copper,silver and gold in surrounding mountains.The local folk made iron,grew corn and the textile industry was highly developed. All that stimulated the international trade actively.

 In the very beginning of the route ,not far from Regar(Tursun-zade)in the Shirkent river valley, the right flow of the Kafarnighan river among the archa coves and picturesque rocks the stony trails of the dinasours which can be related to the
The trails have 50 sm in length and 30 sm in width. In 1984 in that very valley nearly 300 stony trails with 60 sm in length and 45 sm in width were found .They can be regarded as the trails of teratopods and avropod.The large trails of the dinosaur with two legs (70 sm in length and 60 sm in width) were found in the small valley near the side of the Khargush river flow. Teratopod type :Macropodosaurus gravis-heavy big footed reptile were found. The two most interesting archtecture monuments can be met at the very beginning of the way .they are the two mausoleums of the Khodgia Nakhshron(XI-XII centuries), that are situatednear Tursun-zade.  Their small volumes are animated by the bricklaying ,carved insertions made of burnt clay,and calligraphic inscriptions.On the way between Tursun-zade and Hissar,at the Shakhtinau settlement the high way crosses several hills.These are the trails of the largest town of the Kushan period(I-III centuries).It was square in plan with 7 km long walls and towers in every 25 m.The stone capitels of the columns with the natural Greek-Roman leaves in which the fantastic griffons ,birds with the lion paws and that makes the impression of having just coming out from the Eastern-Iran myphology were found here.The next historic-cultural monument is situated at the south edge of the Hissar settlement ,at the foot of the fortress which was founded in the ancient times and where the architectural ensemble of XVI-XVIII centuries was formed .These are the monumental gates of the fortress ,two medreses of the yard composition Kukhna(old) and Nav(new),the Makhmudi Azam mausoleum,the caravan-sarai.The mosk Sangin (stony) 16 century is situated to the south-east of the complex.It consists of winter cupola volume to which the monumental cupola arcade on thestine columns isadjoined from the two sides.Another medrese is excavated by the archeologists to the east of this fortress near Chashmai Molhien spring.The whole territory round the fortress(80 hectares) belongs to the Hissar historic-cultural reserve.  

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