Tajikistan on the Great Silk Route.
"Great Silk Route"- these words are associated with the caravans of exotic goods, which had been making their way from the rich and flourishing towns of Mediterranean, the countries of Close East through the Central Asia, to the mysterious "people of silk" as ancient chiness were called in ancient times, being in constant danger for several months, passing the hot deserts and mountain ranges. Whether such route really existed and which itinerary it took or probably, there existed several equal routes or maybe the Great Silk Route is a collective name, symbolizing eternal interest of West to East and visa- versa?
The Great Silk Route played an outstanding role in the material and cultural values exchange, linking peculiar and unique civilizations of Close, Mid and Far East and Central Asia .For the first time the term "Great Silk Route" was used by the German geographisian Ferdinand fon Reeghthoven in connection with that international route in 1877. The history of the Great Silk Route witnesses the flourishing of the civilization. Very often the quiet ring of the bell on the camel's neck was replaced by the weapon clanking on the paths made by peaceful merchants .The towns were ruined, the peoples and religions left the historic arena, the old routes and caravan-sarais were covered with the sand, but they were replaced by the new arterial roads, built on the Central Asian northern steppe roads or on the southern high-altitude routes.
As a result of archeological excavations, according to which things were found long away from the place they were made in, the fore history of the Great Silk Route goes back to the
III-II millennium B.C.
Thus, there existed ancient" nefrit?route","lapis-lazuli route". The last was connected with the lapis-lazuli mining in the Badakhshan mountains and its delivery to the royal courts of Egypt and India.
During the II-nd millennium B.C. Indoarians, who had influenced the genesis of the people of that region, moved from their northern motherland to India along the high-altitude routes of Tajikistan. Mountainous Central Asia was explored by the sack nomadic tribes, which inhabited the huge "skiff's steppe corridor" from
Siberia to the Russian southern steppes and on the territory near the Black Sea.
The history of the Great Silk Route begins in the ancient times (VI-V centuries B.C.). When the routes to the Himalayan Mountains and Tian-Shan were built (behind which "seras"(chiness) lived) on the continental routes within the state of Akhemenids through the Central Asia (Parfia, Bactria and Sogd). Partially, the Skilak's trip to the edges of the Persian kingdom (whose way ran from Caspian gates, on the Khoresm and Bacria territories along the mountain chains from Albrus to Ginducush
VI century B.C.), which was made according to the Daryi's the I-st order, coincides with the Great Silk
Ancient Greeks and Romans made itineraries, where the roads and distances and the places of the road stations
(stafms) were pointed. In those itineraries not only the "royal routes" were
mentioned, but also not less significant local routes which led from Greek and Roman cities to the distant spurs of
Ginducush, where eastern peoples lived. The trip of the Khan China ambassador Chzan Zian (138-126 years and 115year
B.C.) to the Central Asia was very significant for the development of the