GURMINCH ZAVKIBEKOV'S MUSEUM OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS
Museum of Musical Instruments was created in 1990 on the basis of a private collection belonging to a famous actor Gyrminch Zavkibekov. A gifted actor and a person of many talents, Gurminch has been collecting his instruments since early youth. In the East, musical instruments have always been the means of poetical expression. The instrument expressed the soul of a singer - a khafiz, it touched upon the subtlest strings and the deepest feelings of the creator. The instrument was a personification of a person - with his sorrows and happiness, youth and old age, good and evil. Gurminch's museum reposits over 200 exhibits from all Asian countries. Main exhibits are string, wind, bow, and percussion instruments.
The string collection is the biggest. These are sitars, dutars, rubabs, tanburs and banjos. The most beautiful sitar - Kashgarian - is crustated with sadaf (ivory). The Afghan-Badakhshan sitar, which is over 100 years old, is the most magnific. There are many sitars of contemporary masters who embodied in them their original ideas. The leading role is given to Shah-sitar which is over a 100 years. It is made of a broom tree, the biggest but also the lightest of all. The voice of its strings is the most melodical.
Dutar ( a two string instrument) collection is the most manifold. Usually dutar is used to accompany Shashmakom. Here one can see dutars from Bukhara, Tajikistan, Badakhshan - from most modestly decorated to the most exquisite. Rubab collection is also large. Here, there is a rubab synthesizing a tar and a guitar (Rubobi Kabuli). Kashgarian rubab is over 300 years; it is characterized by a clear bright sound. Afghan rubabs have a matted, chesty sound. Badakhshan rubab is around 100 years. There are many rubabs made by contemporary masters of Mountain Badakhshan - D. Zhonboz, I. Aknazar, A. Rakhmatov.
Tanbur collection is not big yet it is the most valuable. The star of the collection is tanbur "Kumri" from a sanctuary in Bartang, GBAO. It has wonderfully survived, and was renovated by the owner of the museum.
The string collection includes Belo-Russian gusli, chang - an Arabic string instrument, and others. Bow instruments are represented by gijaks and violins. Gijaks are of various kinds - from Badakhshan, Afghanistan, Iran, Vietnam. Percussion instruments also deserve attention. There are Indian tavls, African percussion, Iranian daf, Tajik and Uzbek doiras and tavls. The big collection of wind instruments is represented by nays, koshnays, surnays, flutes and penny-trumpets. They have been collected from all over the globe.
There is hope to renew the collection.
The museum has a deposit of home utensils and clothing relating to everyday life. Silver coins, brass kettles, ceramics - all have their historical value. The chilim (smoking pipe), for instance, is around 500 years old. Copper choidushes (kettles) are from 300 to 400. Clothing items can tell you of the national Tajik character.
Within the museum, there is a folk and a pop-ethnographical jazz-bands headed by Gurminch and his son Ikbol Zavkibekov. The original decoration of the museum was performed by A. Khaidarova, G. Soliev, N. Akhmedov, N. Nazarova, I. Gadjieva. The museum functions thanks to the charity and assistance of some organizations. The beauty of the museum, its singularity and uniqueness require an obvious attention, and therefore need the support of all advocates of the true art. A small island - Gurminch's museum - invites everyone to visit the it, touch the old culture, and witness the unique beauty, inspiration and love embodied in wood, brass, copper, and silver. The museum is opened every day. It wishes to establish linkages with similar museums all over the world to exchange information, share experiences and exhibits.