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The highest mountains, which are feeding the most rivers of Central Asia, beautiful canyons, hot valleys with subtropical climate, where cotton fields change into grape vines, apricot gardens and the highest plateaus, which complete on rigorous climate in Siberia - all this is Tajikistan. It is a sovereign country.
When describing the nature of this country you can't do without the word "unique". The lake Iskandar-Koul is unique. It is as the pearl of Fan Mountains, the beloved place of the tourists of the world. Marghuzor lakes are also unique. You can't compare their beauty with anything else in the necklace of the beauty. You can't find anywhere else such beauty of colors.
Tajiks are the descendants of famous Bactria and Sogdiana. Many of archeologists of the world aspire to Panjakent, one of the centers of ancient civilization. The famous Great silk way passed through Tajikistan. Ustrushan now it is Istaravshan (former Uroteppa) mentioned in the ancient manuscripts of the world. Once Alexander the Great came to this town and took part in the holiday of Navrous. He was charmed by beauty.
The archaeological finds and manuscripts state that the IV-V centuries of AD was the period of consolidation of Tajik ethnic. At that times there was formed a united whole territory, religion and language. In the V century there appeared the first verse in Tajik language - Dary. In the IX century was the complete formation of the Samanid Tajik State.
Tajiks inhabited nowadays-Iranian Khourasan, Afghanistan, Central Asia and south regions of Kazakhstan of that period. The ancient cities of Central Asia such as Bukhara and Samarkand which are in Uzbekistan now were the monuments of the greatness of the Samanid State and the high culture of Tajiks. Related roots connect nowadays Tajiks with numerous nomadic and semi-nomadic tribes of sakes inhabited the Pamirs, Tien-Shan, the valley of Sirdarya.
The Republic of Tajikistan is situated between 36° 40" and 41° 05" of the northern latitude and 67° 31" and 75° 14" of the eastern longitude. Tajikistan lies in the same latitudes of such countries as Italy, Spain, and central part of Japan.
Tajikistan occupies an area of over 143,1 thousand square kilometers, where live more than 6 mln. people. It stretches from north to south in 350 kilometers and from west to east in 700 kilometers.
The total length of border is 3000 km. In the south Tajikistan borders on Afghanistan 1030 km, in the east on the People's Republic of Chine 430 km. And in the west and north the main part of border on Kirghizistan and Uzbekistan.
The color of the map becomes lighter in the north and dark brown in the south. These are the colors of the mountains. The heights on the map fluctuate from 500 m (Vakhsh valley) to 7,5 km (the Pamirs) above the level of the sea.
Telling about Tajikistan you can't do without word "the most". It is here where the highest ridge of mountains are situated: the Pamirs and a part of Tien-Shan. The powerful chains of mountains of Central Asia as Karakorum, Kuanglin and Hindukosh meet in the Pamirs. There is the highest peak - the peak of Ismail Samani (former Communism) (7495 m), the biggest glacier - Fedchenko (the length is 77 km the thickness of the ice is above 800 m).
In hydro energy resources Tajikistan takes first place in Central Asia. The total length of 947 rivers of Tajikistan is more than 28500 km. Half part of ice covered space in Central Asia belongs to Tajikistan.
Here are more than 8000 glaciers with total area of 8,5 thousand square km, which surpasses sowing area of the Republic.
There isn't any need of advertising of some sorts of cotton, geranium, thin-skinned rich of vitamins Tajik lemons, Isfara apricots. By the way the Tajik wines are also very popular.There are up to 40 species of fish in the rivers and lakes of Tajikistan. Hunting is allowed to some kinds of animals, but many of them need preservation and protection and must be put in the Red Book. There are three reservations and 14 special reserved zones. First of all it is the complex "Beshai palangon" (Bush of tigers) which was founded in 1938 to preserve the nature of southern deserts, the rivers of Central Asia, 

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